Mexico is located in North America. It is bordered by the United States to the north and Belize and Guatemala to the southeast. Mexico is the fifth largest country in both size and population. It has 31 states and one federal district, which is its capital city, Mexico City.
Mexico's geography is incredibly diverse, ranging from deserts in the north to tropical rainforests in the south. The country also features mountains, jungles, beaches, and islands along its coasts. This variety of natural landscapes makes it a great destination for tourists looking for adventure or relaxation alike.
Mexico uses the Mexican Peso as its official currency. This is the most widely used form of currency in Mexico, and is abbreviated as MXN or simply $. The peso has been in use since 1821, when it replaced the Spanish colonial real. It is currently divided into 100 smaller units called centavos.
The Mexican Peso is available in both paper and coin form. Paper notes come in denominations of 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 pesos. Coins also come in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 pesos. In addition to this there are also coins for 5, 10 and 20 centavos.
The flag of Mexico features three vertical stripes in green, white, and red, with the country's coat of arms in the center of the white stripe. The green stripe represents hope, the white stripe symbolizes purity, and the red stripe stands for the blood of Mexican heroes. The coat of arms features an eagle perched on a cactus while devouring a snake, which represents the Aztec legend of the founding of Tenochtitlan, the ancient capital of Mexico. The coat of arms is surrounded by an oak and laurel wreath, which symbolizes strength and victory.
The country code for Mexico is +52. This is the international dialing code used to make phone calls to Mexico from other countries.
Mexico's country code is also known as its international direct dialing (IDD) number. This number is used when making a call from another country to a Mexican phone number. You'll need to add the +52 prefix before the Mexican telephone number in order for the call to be connected successfully.
The internet code for Mexico is .mx. This two-letter country code is assigned to Mexico by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). It's used in domain names and other online identifiers to indicate that the website or account is associated with Mexico.
Spanish was brought to Mexico by Spanish colonizers during the 16th century and has since become the dominant language in the country. In addition to Spanish, there are also many indigenous languages spoken in Mexico, such as Nahuatl, Maya, and Zapotec, among others. The Mexican government recognizes these indigenous languages as national languages as well, but Spanish is the most widely spoken language in the country.
The largest cities in Mexico by metropolitan area population, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), are:
Note that these populations are based on metropolitan areas, which can include suburbs and neighboring cities, and not just the population within the city limits.
Mexico has a diverse ethnic mix, with the majority of the population identifying as Mestizo, which is a mix of European and Indigenous heritage. According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), as of 2020, the ethnic composition of Mexico is:
Indigenous groups in Mexico include Maya, Zapotec, Mixtec, Nahuatl, and many others. The Afro-Mexican population is mainly concentrated in the states of Veracruz, Guerrero, and Oaxaca.
Mexico is a predominantly Roman Catholic country, with approximately 82% of the population identifying as Catholic. However, there is also a growing population of Protestants and Evangelicals, which currently make up about 6% of the population. In addition, there are also small communities of Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, and other religions in Mexico.
Mexico shares a 3,152 km (1,954 mile) border with the United States to the north, a 193 km (120 mile) border with Belize to the southeast, and a 962 km (598 mile) border with Guatemala to the south.